The Victorian era spanned the period of Queen Victoria’s reign – June 1837 to January 1901. For the United Kingdom it was a time of great stability and prosperity: people adopted a highly moralistic attitude, a strong aversion to crime and anything overtly bawdy, and developed a strict and comprehensive set of social rules and conventions. There was a cultural shift away from the reason-driven rationalism of the Georgian era, making way for more romantic and sentimental ideologies. Naturally, this is reflected in the jewellery of the era, which incorporates a plethora of symbols and motifs that were known represent anything from Hope to Death. Jewellery became more accessible to the masses as a middle class developed with more disposable income, and advancement in production techniques meant that – towards late 19th Century – jewellery could be mass produced for the first time.