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High Victorian Reverse Carved Demeter Intaglio Pendant

$2,950.00

High Victorian Reverse Carved Demeter Intaglio Pendant

$2,950.00


Description

DATE: Victorian, c.1860

A stunning High Victorian pendant with central rock crystal panel reverse intaglio carved to depict Demeter (aka Ceres), Greek goddess of the harvest. The gold border is set with diamond and lapis lazuli compass points, with strings of natural seed pearls in the spaces between them. It's crafted in 18 karat gold throughout with craftsmanship of the highest quality.

Demeter, although most often referred to as the goddess of the harvest, was also goddess of sacred law, fertility, agriculture, grain, motherhood, and the cycle of life and death. Presumably she was a very busy woman.

She was known to the Romans as Ceres, and, along with Liber and Libera, she made up the Aventine (or plebeian) Triad established c.493 BC within a sacred district on the Aventine Hill. The cult served as a focus of plebeian identity, in opposition to the patricians' Capitoline Triad of Jupiter, Minerva, and Juno. As well as being credited with giving the gift of agriculture to man, Ceres was a patron and protector of plebeian laws, rights, and Tribunes. It's thought that her Aventine Temple may have served as the plebeian law-court, as well as treasury and legal archive. Not only did Ceres introduce man to settlement and agriculture, through her laws she determined the course of settled, lawful and civilised life. Field boundaries and crops were sacred, and any adult who damaged or stole field-crops, or moved field boundaries would be hanged "for Ceres".

A 2nd Century AD inscription by a soldier in Britain suggests Ceres was by then part of a larger grouping of deities. She is "the bearer of ears of corn", the "Syrian Goddess", identical with the universal heavenly Mother, the Magna Mater. She is peace and virtue, and inventor of justice: she weighs "Life and Right" in her scale. Here she's depicted with an armful of wheat, a crescent-bladed scythe, and a few individual wheat stalks held up in her right hand.

STONES

Rock Crystal, Lapis Lazuli, Old Mine Cut Diamond & Natural Pearl

MEASUREMENTS

4.8 x 3.6cm

WEIGHT

12.1g

MARKS

No marks present, tests as 18k gold

CONDITION

Very good, light wear commensurate with age

High Victorian Reverse Carved Demeter Intaglio Pendant High Victorian Reverse Carved Demeter Intaglio Pendant High Victorian Reverse Carved Demeter Intaglio Pendant High Victorian Reverse Carved Demeter Intaglio Pendant High Victorian Reverse Carved Demeter Intaglio Pendant